The Department has proved its leadership in the field of integration of ICT in Education. Recently it has added Smart Class with Interactive Board and Computers. Besides it has a Credit based Course under Earning-while-Learning Scheme: ICT-based Teaching Learning Skills. The Department perceives that the role of ICT in pedagogical practices has increased over the years. But the teacher training institutions are yet to give a proper response to the situation. In fact, a pedagogical approach to teach ICT is still in infancy stage. There are four stages of approaches for incorporation of ICT in teaching learning process:
The first or initial phase is the phase of exploration wherein the teachers acquire the equipments and software and explore the possibilities of its use. In applying approach phase, the teachers adapt the curriculum in order to increase the use of ICT in various subject areas with specific tools and software. The infusing approach involves integrating or embedding ICT across the curriculum. The curriculum begins to merge subject areas to reflect real-world applications. In the fourth stage, curriculum becomes learner-centred and integrates subject areas in real-world applications. ICT is taught as a separate subject at the professional level and is incorporated into all vocational areas.
Educating the Educators
Educating the Student Teachers
In recent years we found that the scenario of education in Bihar at K-12 (pre-primary to higher secondary) has a new addition as Interactive Boards in class rooms. It is given a trendy name Smart Class. We adopted the name for our digital class room programme that has Interactive Board, LCD projector and Computers. We are to use it as simulation class room. In fact it is a fusion of the two simultaneous uses of the simulation classes. In one meaning the simulation is a teaching practice that simulates the real classroom conditions without the real students while in the other meaning it represents virtualisation of real phenomenon or events inside the classroom. The smart class of the Department is used for simulation practices while using the visuals and animations to clarify various concepts.
ICT-based Teaching Learning Skills
In the Department we found that we have student teachers who have never used computers and also the student teachers who have professional degrees in Computer Applications. In our last five batches of students we had only 104 out of 456 students who had an Email ID at the time of their admission. So we needed to have a pedagogical approach to teach to teach ICT while keeping in mind the approaches mentioned above.
The first batch for ‘ICT-based Teaching Learning Skills’ started from December 2010. The first batch of the course consisted of the students who had the least exposure of the computers. So the main components of the modules are oriented towards ICT literacy. They expose them to the most popular operative environment XP, MS-Office and Internet. The modules have the sections for current class room technology like Smart Class and also for ethical issues relating to the internet uses.
On the completion of the course the students are able to:
- visualise the operating environment of Microsoft XP for the general necessities i.e. they can locate the common operatives like installing software, CD-writing, safe practices for managing data etc
- work with ease in MS word, MS power point and MS Excel
- keep their system virus-free and maintain it in optimal conditions
- operate and conduct classes with the help of interactive boards